Our planet.

 

 

 

05 - Links.

 

LINKS TO WEBSITES RELATED TO WATER ISSUES

Websites associated with the Vital Water Graphics appearing in this publication

 

FRESHWATER ISSUES

UNEP.Net Freshwater Portal - UNEP's directory of freshwater information and data for environmental assessment.

 

Surface Water and Freshwater Systems

www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/nature/prop/e_prop.htm - Properties of water and the hydrological cycle.

www.wri.org/ - A pilot analysis of global freshwater ecosystems by C. Revenga et al, 2000. From the World Resources Institute, Washington DC.

http://data.ecology.su.se/MNODE/africa/africa.htm - Data on African ecology, 2001.

http://espejo.unesco.org.uy/summary/html/summary.html - World water resources at the beginning of the 21st Century. Prepared in the framework of IHP/UNESCO, this site provides data on water use, availability, etc.

http://www.unesco.org/science/waterday2000/ - Facts on water use, and present and future trends.

www.ess.uci.edu/~reeburgh - Global water reservoirs, fluxes and turnover times. Major reservoirs are underlined and pool sizes given.

http://www.aaas.org/international/ehn/fisheries/gleick.htm - Human Population and Water: To the Limits in the 21st Century, by Peter H. Gleick.

www.jhuccp.org/pr/m14edsum.stm - Hinrichsen, D., Robey, B., and Upadhyay, U.D. Solutions for a Water-Short World. Population Reports, Series M, No. 14. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Population Information Program, December 1997. Also other reports on Population and water available.

http://dhushara.tripod.com/book/diversit/extra/popb/popb.htm - A 1998 scenario in which populations approach stability everywhere in the next 50 years, with the dramatic exception of Africa.

http://www.graphicmaps.com/geoquiz/thelist.htm - gives you a global overview of major rivers, lakes, etc.

http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/ipc/popclockw - World population estimate.

 

Glaciers and Ice Caps

www.kms.dk/fags/ps09wgms.htm - The World Glacier Monitoring Service’s record of the glaciated surface areas of the world (p. 7).

http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3056 - USGS factsheet on the extent of present-day glaciers.

http://pubs.usgs.gov/factsheet/fs133-99/gl_vol.html - USGS estimates of present-day areas and volumes of glaciers, together with potential maximum sea level rises.

www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms, www.emporia.edu/earthsci/gage/glacier7.htm

 

Groundwater

www.county.oxford.on.ca/groundwater/ - A website about groundwater protection.

www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/info/pubs/FS/e_FSA5.htm - Ground Water – Nature’s Hidden Treasure.

http://wdl.water.ca.gov/gw/admin/main_menu_gw.asp - groundwater level data in California, USA.

www.groundwater.com/groundwater_contamination.html - Sources of groundwater contamination, in graphic form.

www.groundwater.com/groundwater_aquifer.html - Information on groundwater aquifers.

www.groundwater.com/importance_of_groundwater.html - An explanation of the importance of groundwater.

www.irc.nl/products/advocacy/wwd/wwd99saf.html - Groundwater in South Africa: a policy statement.

www.irc.nl/products/advocacy/wwd/wwd98.html ,

www.worldwaterday.org - Groundwater: An Invisible Resource (World Water Day, 1998), plus key groundwater information and the effect of falling water tables.

 

Habitat Degradation

http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/Aral/Aral - USGS satellite images of the Aral Sea.

http://nailaokda.8m.com/aral.html - Aral Sea 2000, by Ali Okda.

www.dfd.dlr.de/app/land/aralsee/back_info.html - Background and chronology of the destruction of the Aral Sea.

http://mapping.usgs.gov/~dgovoni/PSIP2/aralsea.html - Aral Sea maps and landsat images.

www.gsfc.nasa.gov/gsfc/earth/environ/lakechad/chad.htm - News and images on the disappearance of Lake Chad.

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/Images/landsat_mesopotamia.jpg - Images of the Mesopotamia Marshlands.

www.visibleearth.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/viewrecord?9687 - More images from Mesopotamia.

http://www.ramsar.org/cop7_doc_16.1_e.htm - Functions of wetlands related to the water cycle.

 

Water and Sanitation

www.wsscc.org/source/index.html - Water and sanitation news.

 

Integrated Basin Approach

www.iia-cnr.unical.it/EUROCAT/project.htm - Loicz assessment approach.

www.nioz.nl/loicz/data.htm - LOICZ-IGBP sources of coastal zone data.

 

Inland Fisheries

www.fao.org/fi/default.asp - Integrated Resource Management for Sustainable Inland Fish Production, 1996.

 


THE COASTAL & MARINE ENVIRONMENT


Endangered Species

www.unep-wcmc.org/reception/ims.htm - Interactive maps of marine turtle nesting sites in the Indian Ocean.

www.cites.org - CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) database of protected species.

www.redlist.org - IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) ‘Red List’ of threatened species.

www.unep.ch/seas/main/hspecies.html - A record of regional seas recognising particular threats to their marine mammals and sea turtles.

 

Marine Protected Areas

wcpa.iucn.org/theme/marine/marine.html, http://depts.washington.edu/mpanews - ‘MPA News’ is a monthly newsletter that reports on the planning and management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).

www.biodiv.org/programmes/areas/marine/protected.asp?lg=0 - Marine areas protected under the Jakarta Mandate for Marine and Coastal Biodiversity.

www.unep-wcmc.org/reception/ims.htm - Interactive maps of World Heritage Sites.

www.unesco.org/whc/nwhc/pages/home/pages/homepage.htm - UNESCO’s homepage for the

 

World Heritage Convention.

www.ramsar.org/lib_bio_1.htm - The online version of Wetlands, Biodiversity and the Ramsar Convention: The Role of the Convention on Wetlands in the Conservation and Wise Use of Biodiversity, by Halls A.J. (ed.), 1997, Ramsar Convention Bureau, Gland, Switzerland. ISBN 2-940073-22-8.

www.unesco.org/csi/act/thailand/assess1.htm - A UNESCO Environment and Development in Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI) project offers a protected place for indigenous people in the Surin Islands of Thailand’s Andaman Sea.

 

Biodiversity and Habitats

www.biodiv.org/decisions/default.asp?lg=0&m=cop-04&d=05 - The Convention on Biological Diversity’s decisions for the conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal biodiversity.

www.unesco.org/csi/theme/them6.htm - Reports and programmes on UNESCO’s Coastal Biodiversity theme.

http://gesamp.imo.org/no62/index.htm - The online version of Marine Biodiversity: Patterns, Threats and Conservation Needs, GESAMP, 1997.

www.wri.org/wri/biodiv/b04-gbs.html - A description by the World Resources Institute (WRI) of coastal biodiversity and some of the main threats facing marine biodiversity and coral reefs.

http://www.biodiversityscience.org/xp/CABS/research/rap/marine_rap/marinerap.xml - A ‘Marine RAP’ (Rapid Assessment Programme) rapidly generates and disseminates information on coastal and near-shore shallow-water marine biodiversity.

 

Alien Species

www.biodiv.org/programmes/areas/marine/alien.asp?lg=0 - The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Jakarta Mandate for Marine and Coastal Biodiversity texts on alien species.

www.marine.csiro.au/CRIMP - Research on the impact and management of introduced species in Australia by the CSIRO’s Centre for Research on Introduced Marine Pests (CRIMP).

www.unep.ch/seas/main/hinvade.html - Information on alien species transferred in ships’ ballast water.

http://globallast.imo.org/ - How the International Maritime Organisation’s Global Ballast Water Management Programme (GloBallast) helps developing countries to tackle the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms in ballast water.

www.biodiv.org/recommendations/default.asp?rec=I/8 - The CBD’s scientific, technical and technological recommendations for the conservation and sustainable use of coastal and marine biodiversity.

www.biodiv.org/programmes/areas/marine/mariculture.asp?lg=0 - The CBD and the Jakarta Mandate’s texts on mariculture.

www.issg.org/database/welcome/ - A listing of the 100 worst invasive marine species from the Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN’s Species Survival Commission.

http://jasper.stanford.edu/gisp/ - The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), through which an international team of biologists, natural resource managers, economists, and policy makers is preparing a global strategy for addressing the problems of invasive species.

 

Coral Reefs

www.aims.gov.au/pages/research/coral-bleaching/scr2000/scr-00gcrmn-report.html - A summary of Status of Coral Reefs of the World 2000, by Wilkinson C. (ed.), published by the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS).

www.aims.gov.au/pages/research/coral-bleaching/scr1998/scr-00.html - Status of Coral Reefs of the World 1998, from the Australian Institute of Marine Science.

www.unesco.org/csi/pub/papers/papers3.htm - Information on UNESCO’s Caribbean Coral Reef, Seagrass and Mangrove Sites (CARICOMP) project, which aims to assess the productivity of these three key ecosystems, and the nature and influence of land-sea and human-environment interactions.

www.wri.org/wri/biodiv/b04-gbs.html The WRI’s description of coastal biodiversity and some of the main threats facing biodiversity and coral reefs.

www.reefbase.org/ - Part of ICLARM, ReefBase provides data and information on coral reefs and associated tropical habitats, to facilitate better understanding of the relationship between human activities and the status and dynamics of these environments.

http://www.wri.org/wri/reefsatrisk/ - Reefs at Risk: A Map-Based Indicator of Threats to the World’s Coral Reefs, 1998, published by the WRI.

www.unep-wcmc.org/reception/ims.htm - Interactive maps on the spread of coral diseases around the world.

www.nova.edu/cwis/oceanography/9icrs/liveweb/1024_3.html - A summary of AIMS’ Status of Coral Reefs of the World 2000.

 

Mangroves and Seagrass Beds

www.glomis.com/isme/ - News from the International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), which promotes research and collaboration in the conservation, management and sustainable utilisation of mangrove forests, and serves as an international databank on mangrove ecosystems.

www.unesco.org/csi/pub/papers/papers3.htm - Information on UNESCO’s Caribbean Coral Reef, Seagrass and Mangrove Sites (CARICOMP) project, which aims to assess the productivity of these three key ecosystems, and the nature and influence of land-sea and human-environment interactions.


Lagoons, Estuaries, Tidal Flats and Wetlands

www.ramsar.org/lib_bio_1.htm - The online version of Wetlands, Biodiversity and the Ramsar Convention: The Role of the Convention on Wetlands in the Conservation and Wise Use of Biodiversity, by Halls A.J. (ed.), 1997, Ramsar Convention Bureau, Gland, Switzerland. ISBN 2-940073-22-8.

http://www.austmus.gov.au/factsheets/index.htm#water - The Australian Museum’s collection of factsheets about wetlands and other habitats, biodiversity, ballast water problems, and other issues.

 

Distribution of Habitats

www.wcmc.org.uk/marine/data - The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) presents a summary of marine statistics, together with maps showing the distribution of coral reefs and mangroves in a number of countries.

www.glomis.com/isme/ - News from the International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), which promotes research and collaboration in the conservation, management and sustainable utilisation of mangrove forests, and serves as an international databank on mangrove ecosystems.

www.glomis.com/ - ISME’s Global Mangrove database & Information System (GLOBIS) aims to disseminate information to forestry and fishery officials, lawmakers and decision-makers on the functioning, management and sustainable use of single species or entire ecosystems of mangroves, including local environmental and socio-economic implications for coastal communities.

 

Regional Seas (full reports)

www1.unep.org/nova/applications/regseas/Caribbean/172eng.html - Assessment of Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine, Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region, UNEP/GPA Coordination Office & Caribbean Environment Programme, 1999, 121 pages. ISBN: 92-807-1795-2.

www1.unep.org/nova/applications/regseas/EastAfrica/result.html - Overview of Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine, Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environment in the Eastern African Region, UNEP/Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam/FAO/SIOA, UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No.167, 1998.

www1.unep.org/nova/applications/regseas/ROPME/result.html - Overview of Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine Environment in the ROPME Sea Area, UNEP/GPA Coordination Office & ROPME, 1999, 127 pages.

www1.unep.org/nova/applications/regseas/RedSea/166eng.html - Assessment of Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine Environment in the Red Sea & the Gulf of Aden, UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No.166, 1997.

www1.unep.org/nova/applications/regseas/SEP/result.html - Assessment of Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine, Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environment in the Southeast Pacific, UNEP/GPA Coordination Office & CPPS, 1999, 73 pages. ISBN: 92-807-1830-4.

www1.unep.org/nova/applications/regseas/WCAfrica/result.html - Regional Overview of Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environment in the West and Central African Region, UNEP/GPA Coordination Office & West and Central Africa Action Plan, Regional Coordinating Unit, 1999, 110 pages. ISBN: 92-807-1800-3.

 

Best Management Practices

www.unesco.org/csi/wise.htm, www.unesco.org/csi/wise/wise1.htm - ‘Wise practices’ for sustainable coastal development, first compiled at a pilot project leaders’ workshop entitled ‘Towards Wise Coastal Development Practice’ (UNESCO, Paris, 1998).

http://www.blpnet.org/ - The Best Practices and Local Leadership Programme (BLP) is a global network of institutions dedicated to the identification and exchange of successful solutions for sustainable development.

www.bestpractices.org/cgi-bin/bp98.cgi?cn=all&i=Environmental+Management&sc=all&e=coastal&cmd=
searchresults&key=
- A database containing descriptions of projects within coastal settlements all over the world. Main page: www.bestpractices.org/

 

Coastlines at Risk

http://www.wri.org/wr2000/coast_page.html - Pilot Analysis report with altered land cover map.

www.unep.org/unep/gpa/padh/intro.htm - The GPA Physical Alterations and Destruction of Habitats website.

www.gpa.unep.org/pollute - Actions suggested by the GPA for managing and restoring marine and coastal habitats threatened by physical alteration.

 

Coastal Management

www.edc.uri.edu/lme/ - About Large Marine Ecosystems (LMA) assessment, sustainability, and management.

www.iczm.org/about/index.shtml - The Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) journal and website.

www.biodiv.org/programmes/areas/marine/management.asp?lg=0 - Resource management advice from the Jakarta Mandate for Marine and Coastal Biodiversity.

www.biodiv.org/recommendations/default.asp?rec=I/8 - The scientific, technical and technological recommendations of the CBD on the conservation and sustainable use of coastal and marine biodiversity.

www.coastalguide.org/ - A valuable information service from the EUCC and Coastinfo International, aimed at professionals working in coastal management, planning, conservation and research in Europe.

www.cgiar.org/iclarm/ - The World Fish Center/The International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) conducts research on the dynamics of inland and marine systems in tropical developing countries, investigating alternative management schemes and means of improving the productivity of key species. The work includes cooperative research with local institutions and support for activities in information and training.

 

Others

http://www.wri.org/wr2000/coast_page.html - Pilot Analysis of Global Ecosystems: Coastal Ecosystems, World Resources Institute, 2001. ISBN 1-56973-458-5.

www.aaas.org/international/atlas/contents/pages/about.html - AAAS Atlas of Population and Environment, American Association for the Advancement of Science and the University of California Press, 2001, 215 pages.

www.conservation.org/xp/CIWEB/strategies/marine_ecosystems/marine_ecosystems.xml - Conservation International’s marine hotspots analysis, focusing on areas such as the Coral Triangle.

http://ioc.unesco.org/hab/default.htm - IOC’s Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) programme website, describing the known problems and some critical knowledge gaps.

www.unesco.org/csi/pub/papers/mega.htm - Reducing Megacity Impacts on the Coastal Environment: Alternative Livelihoods and Waste Management in Jakarta and the Seribu Islands, UNESCO Coastal Region and Small Island Papers No. 6, 2000, 59 pages.

http://gesamp.imo.org/no47/index.htm - Reducing the Environmental Impacts of Coastal Aquaculture, GESAMP, 1991, 35 pages.

www.uea.ac.uk/env/mead - A European project set up to determine the effects of nitrogen from the atmosphere on coastal waters.

www.un.org/esa/sustdev/aboutsids.htm - The website of the Secretariat for Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS).

www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd.htm - The Commission on Sustainable Development ensures the high visibility of sustainable development issues within the United Nations system, and helps to improve the UN’s coordination of environment and development activities.

www.unesco.org/csi/pub/info/info7e.htm - A paper by UNESCO’s Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI) programme on the roles of communication and education in sustainable coastal development.

www.icriforum.org/ - The website of the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI), a partnership between nations and organisations seeking to implement Chapter 17 of Agenda 21 and other agreements relating to coral reefs and associated ecosystems. Established to prevent and reverse the continuing global degradation of coral reefs, ICRI works to mobilise governments and other stakeholders to improve management practices, increase capacity and political support, and share information on the health of coral ecosystems.

www.blueflag.org/ - The blue flag campaign is an ‘eco-label’ awarded to beaches and marinas in Europe based on criteria of water quality, environmental education, environmental management, safety and services. The campaign is working towards global coverage.

www.greenglobe.org/ - Green Globe has developed a ‘Green Globe 21’ standard, based on both Agenda 21 and the evolving ISO system, to create a system of formal environmental management with independent 3rd party audits.

www.met-office.gov.uk/research/hadleycentre/pubs/brochures/B2000/predictions.html - Model results of future climate change. Ocean circulation, sea-level rise, sea ice, temperature and precipitation change.